Waste separation study



  BEIJING, June 3 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, president of the country and chairman of the Central Military Commission, recently gave important instructions on garbage classification. Xi Jinping stressed that the implementation of waste separation, the majority of the people's living environment, the conservation of the use of resources, but also an important reflection of the level of social civilization.

  Xi Jinping pointed out that the implementation of waste separation, the key is to strengthen scientific management, the formation of long-term mechanisms, to promote the habit of formation. To strengthen the guidance, according to local conditions, continue to promote the work to do a detailed and practical, persistent grasp. To carry out extensive education and guidance work, so that the majority of the people realize the importance and necessity of the implementation of waste separation, through effective supervision and guidance, so that more people take action to develop good habits of waste separation, the whole society, everyone's hands, together to improve the living environment for the effort, together to contribute to green development, sustainable development.

  In December 2016, he chaired a meeting of the Central Leading Group of Finance and Economics to study the universal implementation of the garbage classification system, stressing the need to accelerate the establishment of a garbage treatment system of sorting, collecting, transporting and disposing of garbage, forming a garbage classification system based on the rule of law, government promotion, universal participation, urban and rural coordination and local adaptation, and striving to improve the The system covers a wide range of areas. Xi Jinping has also repeatedly learned about the work of garbage classification at the grassroots level and made clear requirements for this work.

  In recent years, China has accelerated the implementation of the garbage classification system, the national garbage classification work from point to point, gradually launched, the first results, 46 key cities first pilot, to promote the positive progress of garbage classification. 2019 onwards, the country's prefecture-level and above cities to fully launch the work of domestic garbage classification, by the end of 2020 46 key cities will be basically built garbage classification system, by the end of 2025 National prefecture-level and above cities will be basically built garbage classification and treatment system.

   According to the instructions of our Hubei Xian Crystalline Chemical for waste classification training and learning, through the study we learned how to classify garbage, the benefits of waste classification, the impact of waste classification on our living environment. Specifically, we learned together.

How to sort the garbage exactly?
  Waste classification and recycling is of great significance to protect the environment and save resources; it is understood that 1 ton of waste paper can make 850 kg of good paper, saving 4 cubic meters of wood and reducing pollution by 74% compared to the equivalent production; 1 ton of waste plastic can refine 300 kg of unleaded gasoline and diesel; 1 ton of waste steel can refine 750 kg of good steel; 1 ton of waste glass can make 20,000 glass bottles of 500 grams capacity... Let's see how the garbage is sorted.
Recyclable waste
  Recyclable waste is recycled resources, which refers to unpolluted waste in domestic waste and suitable for recovery and recycling, mainly including waste electrical and electronic products, waste paper, waste plastics, waste glass, waste metals and other five categories, which is the main work of domestic waste classification and an important factor affecting waste reduction at this stage.
  (A) electrical and electronic products category
  Waste computers, printers, photocopies, fax machines, scanners, projectors, televisions, air conditioners, etc.
  (B) Paper
  1, flat paper: newspapers, copy paper, leaflets, wrapping paper, envelopes, cardboard, etc.
  2, paper boxes (boxes): cardboard boxes, packaging boxes (such as snack boxes, tissue boxes), milk (drinks) Tetra Pak packaging, etc.
  (C) plastic class
  1, bottles: PET plastic bottles (mineral water bottles, beverage bottles), rigid plastic bottles.
  2, other container categories: plastic boxes (such as ice cream boxes), plastic cups (such as yogurt cups, jelly cups), soft barrels, etc..
  3, packaging categories: plastic bags, plastic bags (film), packaging bags (such as snack bags, courier bags), plastic foam, bubble cushioning materials, fruit net cover, hot drinks (such as coffee cups) cup lids, etc..
  4, other plastic products: waste plastic stationery, etc.
  (D) glass category
  Glass bottles, incandescent light bulbs, broken glass, other glass products.
  (E) metal category
  Metal cans (such as easy-pull cans), metal boxes, other metal products, metal filing cabinets.
  (F) office supplies category
  Sofas, coffee tables, desks, filing cabinets, chairs and other office furniture.
  Harmful garbage
  Hazardous garbage, refers to domestic garbage in direct or potential harm to human health or the natural environment, must be collected separately, transported, stored, and special safety treatment by professional institutions recognized by the environmental protection department.
  (A) battery class
  Button batteries, rechargeable batteries (such as cell phone batteries). Does not contain ordinary dry batteries (such as No. 1, No. 5, No. 7 batteries, because with the production has reached the national low-mercury or mercury-free technology requirements, now put as other garbage).
  (B) mercury containing class
  Waste fluorescent tubes, waste energy-saving lamps, waste silver thermometers, waste silver sphygmomanometers, fluorescent sticks, etc.
  (C) fee medicine category
  Expired drugs are hazardous waste, and bottles containing pills can be put out as recyclables according to the material.
  (D) Paint, waste pesticide category
  Waste paints, waste pesticides, pesticides and other residual liquids need to be put out as hazardous waste together with the containers.
  Food waste
  Kitchen waste generated by public institutions is mainly leftover food, leftover rice and vegetable helper leaves, waste parts of meat, fish and shrimp, eggshells, etc. produced during the cooking process in canteens, so that "daily production and daily cleaning" is achieved. Paper towels, toothpicks, etc. are not biochemically degradable and need to be put separately from kitchen waste.
Other garbage
  Other waste refers to domestic waste other than recyclables, hazardous waste and kitchen waste, i.e. waste that is mainly collected and treated by the current sanitation system. Other garbage includes, but is not limited to, the following wastes.

  (A) paper, plastic, glass, metal waste in the non-recyclable part.
  (2) Non-recyclable parts of textile, wood and bamboo waste, such as mops, rags, toothpicks, disposable chopsticks, tree branches, etc.
  (C) ash and soil, brick and ceramic waste, other mixed waste, such as sweeping residue, ceramic dishes, large bones, plant hard shells, withered flowers and plants, etc.
  According to the standardization requirements of classification facilities, waste classification is equipped with uniform specifications, uniform color, uniform logo of the classification collection containers and classification collection and transportation vehicles.
  Sorting containers.
  Blue collection containers for recyclables; green collection containers for kitchen waste; red collection containers for hazardous waste; gray collection containers for other waste
Each of us is a producer of garbage.
We are all victims of garbage, and we are all victims of garbage.
Each of us should be the one to control the garbage.
Let's join hands and participate in waste separation.
Let's build our green and beautiful home together!
Note: Some of the pictures are selected from the Internet, if there is a copyright dispute, please inform the copyright holder to remove us, thank you.

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