Waste separation study
BEIJING, June 3 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, president of the country and chairman of the Central Military Commission, recently gave important instructions on garbage classification. Xi Jinping stressed that the implementation of waste separation, the majority of the people's living environment, the conservation of the use of resources, but also an important reflection of the level of social civilization.
Xi Jinping pointed out that the implementation of waste separation, the key is to strengthen scientific management, the formation of long-term mechanisms, to promote the habit of formation. To strengthen the guidance, according to local conditions, continue to promote the work to do a detailed and practical, persistent grasp. To carry out extensive education and guidance work, so that the majority of the people realize the importance and necessity of the implementation of waste separation, through effective supervision and guidance, so that more people take action to develop good habits of waste separation, the whole society, everyone's hands, together to improve the living environment for the effort, together to contribute to green development, sustainable development.
In December 2016, he chaired a meeting of the Central Leading Group of Finance and Economics to study the universal implementation of the garbage classification system, stressing the need to accelerate the establishment of a garbage treatment system of sorting, collecting, transporting and disposing of garbage, forming a garbage classification system based on the rule of law, government promotion, universal participation, urban and rural coordination and local adaptation, and striving to improve the The system covers a wide range of areas. Xi Jinping has also repeatedly learned about the work of garbage classification at the grassroots level and made clear requirements for this work.
In recent years, China has accelerated the implementation of the garbage classification system, the national garbage classification work from point to point, gradually launched, the first results, 46 key cities first pilot, to promote the positive progress of garbage classification. 2019 onwards, the country's prefecture-level and above cities to fully launch the work of domestic garbage classification, by the end of 2020 46 key cities will be basically built garbage classification system, by the end of 2025 National prefecture-level and above cities will be basically built garbage classification and treatment system.
According to the instructions of our Hubei Xian Crystalline Chemical for waste classification training and learning, through the study we learned how to classify garbage, the benefits of waste classification, the impact of waste classification on our living environment. Specifically, we learned together.
How to sort the garbage in the end?
Waste classification and recycling, for the protection of the environment, saving resources, etc. are of great significance; it is understood that 1 ton of waste paper can make 850 kg of good paper, saving 4 cubic meters of wood, 74% less pollution than the equivalent production; 1 ton of waste plastic can be refined back to 300 kg of unleaded gasoline and diesel; 1 ton of waste steel can be refined to 750 kg of good steel; 1 ton of waste glass can make 20,000 glass bottles of 500 grams capacity... Let's see how the garbage is classified.
Recyclable garbage is renewable resources, refers to unpolluted household waste, suitable for recovery and recycling of waste, mainly including waste electrical and electronic products, waste paper, waste plastics, waste glass, scrap metal and other five categories, is the main work of the current stage of household waste classification and the impact of waste reduction of important factors.
(A) electrical and electronic products
Waste computers, printers, photocopies, fax machines, scanners, projectors, TV sets, air conditioners, etc.
1, flat paper: newspapers, copy paper, leaflets, packaging paper, envelopes, cardboard, etc.;
2, paper boxes (boxes): cardboard boxes, packaging boxes (such as snack boxes, tissue boxes), milk (beverage) Tetra Pak packaging, etc.
(C) plastic class
1, bottles: PET plastic bottles (mineral water bottles, beverage bottles), rigid plastic bottles;
2, other containers: plastic boxes (such as ice cream boxes), plastic cups (such as yogurt cups, jelly cups), soft barrels, etc.;
3, packaging: plastic bags, plastic bags (film), packaging bags (such as snack bags, courier bags), plastic foam, bubble cushioning materials, fruit net cover, hot drinks (such as coffee cups) cup lids, etc.;
4, other plastic products: waste plastic stationery, etc.
(D) glass category
Glass bottles, incandescent light bulbs, broken glass, other glass products.
(E) metal category
Metal cans (such as easy-pull cans), metal boxes, other metal products, metal filing cabinets.
(F) office supplies category
Sofas, coffee tables, desks, filing cabinets, chairs and other office furniture.
Harmful garbage, refers to the domestic garbage in the direct or potential harm to human health or the natural environment of the material, must be collected separately, transport, storage, by the environmental protection department recognized by the professional institutions for special safety treatment.
(A) battery class
Button batteries, rechargeable batteries (such as cell phone batteries). Does not contain ordinary dry batteries (such as No. 1, No. 5, No. 7 batteries, because with the production has reached the national low mercury or mercury-free technology requirements, now as other garbage put).
(B) mercury containing class
Waste fluorescent tubes, waste energy-saving lamps, waste silver thermometers, waste silver sphygmomanometers, fluorescent sticks, etc.
(C) fee medicine category
Expired drugs are hazardous waste, and bottles containing pills can be put out as recyclables according to the material.
(D) Paint, waste pesticides
Waste paint, waste pesticides, pesticides and other residual liquids need to be put out as hazardous waste together with the container.
Kitchen waste generated by public institutions is mainly leftover food, leftover rice and vegetable helper leaves, waste parts of meat, fish and shrimp, eggshells, etc. produced during the cooking process in canteens, so that "daily production and daily cleaning" is achieved. Paper towels, toothpicks, etc. are not biochemically degradable and need to be put out separately from kitchen garbage.
Other garbage, refers to other domestic waste other than recyclables, hazardous waste and kitchen waste, i.e., the garbage mainly collected and treated by the current sanitation system. Other garbage includes, but is not limited to, the following wastes.
(a) Non-recyclable parts of paper, plastic, glass and metal waste.
(ii) Non-recyclable parts of textile and wood and bamboo waste, such as mops, rags, toothpicks, disposable chopsticks, branches, etc.
(C) ash and soil, brick and ceramic waste, other mixed waste, such as sweeping sludge, ceramic dishes, large bones, plant hard shells, withered flowers and plants, etc.
According to the standardization requirements of classification facilities, waste classification is equipped with uniform specifications, uniform color, uniform logo of the classification collection containers and classification collection and transportation vehicles.
Recyclables use blue collection containers; kitchen waste uses green collection containers; hazardous waste uses red collection containers; and other waste uses gray collection containers.
We are all garbage makers.
We are all victims of garbage.
We all should be the one to control the garbage.
Let's join hands and participate in waste separation.
Let's build our green and beautiful home together!
Note: Some of the pictures are taken from the internet, if there is any dispute about copyright, please inform us to remove them, thank you.
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